The Krakatau National Park is located in the Sunda Strait between the western tip of Java Island and the southern tip of Sumatra Island with a total area of around 2,405 Ha.
The volcanic island, located at the western tip of Java, was declared a nature reserve in 1921. In 1980, it was proposed that Krakatau (together with Panaitan Island, South Gunung Honje, and North Gunung Honje) would become Ujung Kulon, Indonesia’s first national park. In 1991, the area was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Ujung Kulon National Park was finally established in 1992.
Today, the park contains the largest remaining area of lowland rainforests on the Java plain and is one of the last remaining habitats of the indigenous Javan rhinoceros.
Krakatau is a volcano island and becomes a much larger island in Sumatra and Java. The Krakatau Mountain was erupted in 1883 and became the largest eruption in recent time killing more than 36 thousand people.
This area has attracted many scientists because of the function of the island as a natural laboratory to study science, geography, volcanology, and biology.
There is also some interesting tourist attraction here including, Sertung Island, Krakatau Besar Island, Krakatau Kecil Island and Anak Krakatau which can be used for various activities such as swimming, diving, and surfing.
Krakatoa, or in Indonesian Krakatau, is a volcanic island located between Sumatera and Java. The marine park surrounding Krakatoa offers some of the best diving in West Java (and it’s only a few hours from Jakarta).
How to Getting There
Jakarta to Carita
It’s a three-and-a-half-hour journey from Jakarta to Carita along main roads. There’s not much to see for most of the journey to Carita.
The journey from Anjer Harbour to Krakatau takes about 90 minutes.