Sumatra Island is a huge and exotic island in the western part of Indonesia.
This sixth largest island in the world is blessed with a natural and cultural richness that adds to the diversity of the earth’s archipelago.
Nature tourism is one of the mainstays of Sumatra Island. Sumatra offers marine tourism, mountains, and large lakes as well. You can explore Sumatra by hiking, trekking, or watersports.
Some popular tourist attractions in Sumatra that are well known to foreign countries are Lake Toba, Weh Island, Medan City, Batam City, Mount Kerinci, etc.
Lake Toba is one of the main attractions in North Sumatra Province. This lake is very well known for the natural beauty of the scenery, which is surrounded by a variety of steep wall rocks which are actually the caldera walls of Lake Toba.
Regarding the origin of Lake Toba, according to research from expert scientists, the lake was formed as a result of a massive volcanic eruption which was estimated to have occurred around 73,000-75,000 years ago.
This causes the formation of a large caldera filled with water which is now known as Lake Toba and the pressure from the magma that failed to erupt causes the formation of an island in the middle of the lake known as the Samosir Island. According to scientists, the super eruption produced by the volcano caused nearly half of the living species on earth to die and vanish.
Toba Lake has a length of 100 kilometers and a width of 30 kilometers making it the largest lake in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This is why the lake has been famous to foreign countries. It also has attracted many tourists visiting Lake Toba and Samosir Island.
Here are some amazing facts about Lake Toba.
- Mount Toba has erupted three times.
The first eruption occurred around 800,000 years ago. This eruption produced the southern side of Mount Caldera, covering the Prapat and Porsea regions of North Sumatra.
The second eruption has less power, which occurred 500,000 years ago. This eruption formed the Caldera on the north side, in the area among Silalahi and Haranggaol.
The third eruption occurred 74,000 years ago which produced a caldera and turned out Mount Toba into the present Toba Lake with Samosir Island in the middle.
- Mount Toba, as the supervolcano that surrounds the lake and Samosir Island is still active. It still cannot be predicted when it will erupt.
- The location of Mount Toba (now Lake Toba) is indeed prone to disasters. This is related to the position of Indonesia which is located at the meeting point of three tectonic plates, namely Eurasia, Indo-Australia, and the Pacific Plate.
- A New York University researcher conducted research to find out how earth’s climate in the past. He managed to find an object called foraminifera on the seabed as an indication that the Earth’s temperature was very extreme in the past.
The researcher finally found the fact if the cause for the extreme temperature was the eruption of Mount Toba. The researcher also mentioned that because of the eruption, the oceans all over the world had a decrease in temperature to 5 degrees Celsius.
- Rhyolite dust which has the same years as Toba rocks were found in Malaysia and as far as 3.000 kilometers to the north to Central India and also found in the Indian Ocean.
- Mount Toba eruption caused mass death and some species even went extinct. According to some DNA evidence, the eruption also reduced the human population by around 60%.
- The massive eruption of Mount Toba affecting the earth at that time. Researchers found evidence of the same molecular form of volcanic dust in 2100 spots all around the world. More surprisingly, the spread of the dust due to the eruption of Mount Toba reached the North Pole.
- Toba Lake was ranked first in the world on social media Twitter compared to other lakes in the world which are also beautiful and charming. Toba Lake is also the main tourist destination in North Sumatra for local people and foreigners.
- Samosir Island, which is in the middle of Lake Toba, has two beautiful lakes in the middle know as Sidihoni Lake and Aek Natonang Lake.
- Toba Lake is the habitat of a typical Batak fish, namely “Batak Fish” or Neolissochillus Thienemanni which has high historical and cultural values.
- In the 1990s, Toba Lake was one of Indonesia’s popular destinations for foreign tourists, mainly from Netherlands, Malaysia, Singapore, Germany, Japan, Korea as well as the USA.